The Solo Parents Welfare Act and How It Benefits Families in the Philippines


Parenthood is a lifelong endeavor that many find fulfilling. However, it is also laborious, more so for those raising children on their own.

Without a partner to support them, solo parents face challenges unique to their situation. Burnout, for one, is expected since they have to fill two roles to ensure their children’s welfare. Another worry is the lack of financial support.

Solo parents may find themselves in precarious positions, struggling to make ends meet while caring for their children’s needs. To address these concerns, the Philippine government enacted Republic Act (RA) 8972, or Solo Parent’s Welfare Act, in 2000.

The family lawyers at Yap, Kung, Ching & Associates Law Office can provide legal advice for your Solo Parent’s Welfare Act concerns. Reach out to us today and get professional help for your legal needs.

The Solo Parent Welfare Act of the Philippines

RA 8972 seeks to promote the welfare of solo parents and their children. The act declares the benefits for single-parent households in the Philippines, which includes social development. At the forefront of this act is the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), supported by non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

There are specific provisions for solo parents, each building on the other to create comprehensive protection. Individuals who meet the requirements can benefit from these measures, which will help them as they continue their journey of parenthood.

Who Is Considered a Solo Parent?

Women Who Give Birth as a Result of Crimes Against Chastity

Becoming a parent is a choice for most people. However, for women victimized by sexual crimes, motherhood is an outcome of the abuse they have endured.

Under RA 8972, solo parents who conceive children due to crimes against chastity are eligible for the benefits listed under the Solo Parent Act, provided they choose to raise their children.

Parents Left Alone With the Responsibility of Parenthood Due to Various Circumstances

Some people pursue parenthood with partners at first but are left with sole responsibility for various reasons. RA 8972 considers these individuals as solo parents and grants them the same rights under the Solo Parent Welfare Act.

Circumstances recognized by the Philippines government include the following:

  • Death of a Spouse
  • Detained Spouse
  • Physically or Mentally Incapacitated Spouse
  • De Facto Separation
  • Nullified Marriage

It’s worth noting that individuals whose spouses work abroad but remit money regularly are not eligible for benefits. However, suppose said spouse lost contact with the family for more than a year. In that case, the individual who has custody can apply for solo parent benefits in the Philippines, provided they have proof of the spouse’s absence.

Unmarried Mothers and Fathers

On the other end of the spectrum are individuals who start their parenthood journeys without partners. Unmarried mothers and fathers are eligible for Solo Parent Welfare Act benefits in the Philippines if they don’t give up custody of their children.

What Are the Benefits Offered to Solo Parents in the Philippines?

RA 8972 provides solo parents with the necessary resources and support to raise their children despite their unique circumstances. These benefits come in different forms, such as social and economic development programs, family planning services, and counseling sessions.

Keep in mind that benefits differ per household since the government recognizes solo parents of all backgrounds.

Support Offered to Solo Parents Below the Poverty Threshold

The Solo Parent Welfare Act in the Philippines aims to protect and empower solo parents regardless of their circumstances. Those whose incomes fall below the poverty threshold can reach out to government and non-government agencies for various benefits, including health services from DOH, educational services from CHED or TESDA, housing support from the NHA, and parental leave from DOLE.

In addition, RA 11861, or the Expanded Solo Parents Welfare Act, grants low-income single-parent families a subsidy of 1,000 pesos a month and scholarships for their children.

Flexible Benefits

Solo parents who earn more than the poverty threshold can still avail themselves of Solo Parent Welfare Act benefits, albeit in a more flexible manner. Instead of receiving the assistance mentioned above, their primary benefit is a flexible work schedule that allows them to attend to their parental duties.

For instance, full-time individuals can request reduced working hours to accommodate their parental roles. Solo parents with part-time jobs or freelance work can also negotiate for more flexible schedules, allowing them to juggle responsibilities and still earn money.

Aside from workplace flexibility, single parents with more than one year of service are entitled to seven days of paid leave in addition to the regular benefits they already receive. Do note that parental leaves are non-cumulative.

Solo Parent ID

RA 11861 adds a solo parent ID to the list of benefits for single parents in the Philippines.

The solo parent ID grants holders access to discounts on baby essentials, such as food, clothing, and medicine. Depending on the city of residence, single parents can get additional benefits, like the dining discount every first and fourth Sunday for Quezon City residents.

Consult a Family Lawyer From Yap, Kung, Ching & Associates Law Office

The creation of the solo parent ID has made identification easier for the government. Those who fall under the Solo Parent Welfare Act and want to avail of the benefits can start by applying for this official card from their city’s Social Welfare and Development office.

Requirements for the ID include a barangay residence certificate, proof that the applicant is a single parent, and an income tax return (ITR). After applying, individuals must wait 30 days to receive their IDs, which are valid for a year.

If you’re uncertain about your Solo Parent Welfare Act eligibility, do not hesitate to consult a family lawyer from Yap, Kung, Ching & Associates Law Office. Our experienced lawyers can provide sound legal advice and shed light on the Solo Parent Welfare Act in the Philippines. Contact us today to book an appointment!


Solo parenting is never easy, but with RA 8972, single parents can get access to a variety of benefits that make their lives easier. From cash subsidies to flexible work schedules, the Solo Parent Welfare Act in the Philippines helps single parents provide for their children and secure their futures.

Get in touch with Yap, Kung, Ching & Associates Law Office today for more information about the Solo Parent Welfare Act.

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